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XXI :

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10 14 2013 .

2013 : 595.14:631.147 (082) 28.691 :

.. , , . , , .. , , , - , - ( ), .. , , , . . , .. , , , :

.. , , , . .. , .. , , , , .. , , , ( ), .. , , XXI : , , : . . . / . .: .. [ .]. , 2013. - 250 .

3- XXI :

, , , 10 - 14 2013 .

, -, .

, , , , , : 595.631.147 (082) 28.691

.-pp.

CONTENS

PLENARY SESSION

.. SERAYA T.

HUMIC MATTER BEING

FUNDAMENTAL GUARDIAN

OF SOILS FERTILITY

: VERMICULTURE:

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY

OF VERMIFILTRATION

TREATMENT OF

WASTEWATER

VERMICULTURE: HISTORY

: , , CHIEVEMENTS, MYTHS,

PERSPECTIVE

BOGDANOV P.

VEXATIOUS

, VERMICOMPOSTING:

: PROBLEMS LEADING TO

FAILURE IN LARGE-SCALE

- PROJECTS

SOIL INVERTEBRATES AND

THEIR ROLE IN THE

BIOGEOCENOSES

DYNAMIC

SOIL HUMUS AS A LINK IN

BIOGEOCENOSES CHAIN

FERTILIZING VALUE OF

DIFFERENT FERTILIZERS IN

ORGANIC CROP GROWING

THE STRUCTURE OF SOIL

INVERTEBRATE

COMMUNITIES

IN SPRUCE FORESTS OF

DIFFERENT TYPES OF

CENTRAL PART OF BELARUS

˲ֲ PECULIARITIES OF

VERMICOMPOST

̲ APPLICATION

IN THE AGROBIOCENOSIS





.. ABJAMIEVA L.

SALT SHIFT FROM DRAINED

BOTTOM OF ARAL SEA

GREEN MANURE IN

FORMATION OF RICH SOIL

UNDER UNDULATING LAND

CONDITIONS

.., TATARKIN I., DEMIN D.,

FEATURES OF FORMING OF

HUMIC SUBSTANCES IN

URBOTEHNOZEMS CREATED

ON THE SEWAGE SLUDGE

AT THEIR LONG

ATMOSPHERIC EXPOSURE

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

AND NOURISHMENT OF

CEREAL CROPS UNDER

UNDULATING LAND

CONDITIONS

POSSIBLE WAYS OF

INTERACTION BETWEEN

, EARTHWORMS, ROOT

SYSTEMS AND SOIL

MICROBIOTA

.., , LUCHANOK L., SHKUTOV ., . ., E., BARAN S., YURKO L., .., ..

PEAT SOILS ORGANIC

MATTER TRANSFORMATION

IN THE COURSE OF THEIR

EVOLUTION

PECULIARITIES OF

CEREALS PHOTOSYNTHESIS

PROCESS UNDER

UNDULATING LAND

CONDITIONS

.., SOROKIN I., TITOVA E., .., .., SIROTINA E., PETROVA L.

APPLICATION OF EISENIA

EISENIA FOETIDA FOETIDA BIORESOURCE IN

AGRICULTURE OF PRETAIGA

ZONE OF SIBERIA

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

VERMICOMPOST PRODUCED

IN LITHUANIA AND EU

REQUIREMENTS FOR

ORGANIC VERMICOMPOST

PRODUCTION

RADHA D KALE

TECHNOLOGICAL

APPROACHES IN

EARTHWORM RESEARCH IN

INDIA

. DALDABAEVA G.T.

AGROFORESTRY AND

BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES TO

RESTORE NATURAL

COMPLEXES IN PRIARALYE

EFFECT AND AFTER-EFFECT

OF VERMIHUMATS ON

AGRO-ECOLOGICAL

PROPERTIES FOR CROPS

.-. AND YIELD

BIOTECHNOLOGICAL

METHODS IN ECOLOGY

AND SOIL SCIENCE

INNOVATIVE

BIOTECHNOLOGY

PROCESSING ORGANIC

MATERIALS OF ANIMAL

AND POULTRY FARMS

.., SHMAK A., KOVALEVICH

.., .. G., MARINCHENKO D.

. VERMICULTURE.

REGENERATION ABILITIES

OF EARTHWORMS

REDUCTION OF THE

INFLUENCE OF FLUORIDE

POLLUTION

ON PROPERTIES OF DARK

CHESTNUT SOILS OF THE

FOOTHILL ZONE

.. TARASEVICH A.

EARTHWORM

CONTRIBUTION IN

, BIOREMEDIATION OF SOILS

ͨ CONTAMINATED WITH

DIESEL FUEL

USE OF POLYMER FIBER FOR

RED WORM (Eisenia fetida)

COMPOSTING

(Eisenia fetida)

.. ANDRUSEVICH M.

C THE INVESTIGATION OF

QUESTION OF

VERMICULTIVATION AS THE

FACTOR OF

MODERNIZATION OF

ECOLOGICAL SITUATION IN

FODDER CROP PRODUCTION

CROP ROTATION UNIT

PRODUCTIVITY BY THE

INFLUENCE OF

VERMICOMPOST ON SOD

PODZOLIC SANDY LOAM

- SOIL

., ., . KUU A., PEDA J., KUTTI S.

EARTHWORMS IN WASTE

HEAPS OF OIL-SHALE

INDUSTRY

.., KRASNOBERSKAYA O.,

INFLUENCE OF WORM

PROCESSING ON THE

CHANGE OF SECONDARY

ORGANIC RAW MATERIALS

GROUP STRUCTURE

UTILIZATION OF BIOGAS

SETTINGS WASTE

PRODUCTS

DECOMPOSITION OF

BIOPLASTIC BAGS UNDER

DIFFERENT

ENVIRONMENTAL

CONDITIONS OF

VERMICOMPOSTERS

WASTE COMPOSTING,

, PRODUCTS OF

VERMICOMPOSTING

PROCESS AND THEIR

USING

EARTHWORMS AS

RENEWABLE SOURCE OF

HIGH-QUALITY ANIMAL

PROTEIN

.. MELNICHENKO I.

OPTIMIZATION OF PROCESS

OF A VERMICOMPOSTING

FOR PROCESSING OF A

PRECIPITATION OF SEWAGE

- OF PULP AND PAPER

PRODUCTION

. ., OLSHANSKY V., VOLKOV S.

..,

UTILIZATION OF SOLID

PAPER-MILL SLUDGE USING

VERMICULTURE EISENIA

- EISENIA FETIDA

FETIDA

. SINKEVIIEN J.,

. EGIDIJUS.

EFFICIENCY OF LIQUID

VERMICOMPOST

PREPARATION ON

PRESOWING SEED COATING

OF CEREALS SEED

.. SENDETSKAYA A.

EFFICIENCY OF

PRODUCTION AND

APPLICATION OF

BIOHUMUS ORGANIC

ѻ FERTILIZER IN UKRAINE

CONDITIONS

MULTITIER PACKAGED UNIT

FOR COMMERCIAL

BIOHUMUS PRODUCTION

.. MAKSIMOVA S.

EFFICIENCY OF BIOGAS

INSTALLATIONS WASTE

WORM COMPOSTING

.. SENDETSKAYA A.

THE PRODUCTION AND USE

OF BIO-STIMULANTS OF

GROWTH AND

DEVELOPMENT PLANTS IN

UKRAINE

: VERMICULTURE:

TECHNOLOGY OF

, - DOMESTIC, AGRICULTURAL

- AND INDUSTRIAL ORGANIC

- CONTAINING WASTES

RECYCLING

.., GANIN G.N., KIRIENKO ..

COMPOST PRODUCTION

FROM SEWAGE SLUDGE

WITH USE OF

PHOTOTROPHIC BACTERIA

., PETER BOGDANOV,

. LAYNE L. BOGDANOV

: WOMEN AND WORMS:

WOMENS CONTRIBUTIONS

IN VERMICOMPOSTING

.. ISMAYILOV S.J

EARTHWORMS THE

SOURCE OF RECEPTION OF

BIOCHEMICAL

PREPARATIONS

PLENARY SESSION

631.872:631.

, . , .

, , 13,1 / 65,3 . . , .

GUMUS - MAJOR GUARD SOIL FERTILITY

The article describes the role of humus in soil fertility and plant nutrition. It is noted that to maintain the sufficient balance in soils of arable lands in the republic, it is necessary to put 13.1 t / ha, or 65.3 million tons of organic fertilizers. The main factors influencing the synthesis and mineralization of humus in the soil are discussed.

. , , , , .

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, ( ) , ( .., 1965, .., 1963).

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. 95-98% , 30-40% , 90% , , , (, , , .). . 26-500 . , 100-150 / , , . , , , , , , , , , .

. , . , , .

(. 1).

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3,5-4,0%.

, . - . - , . - , , .

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. 60%. , , , , .

. . ( 40%) 25-30%.

1,77% 2,28%. , , , (. 2).

- . 80-90% 0-25 . . . . - . . , . .

: 1 , . 1996 ., , .

, 1995 . 2,8 , 2000 . 1,9 , 2004 . 1,4 , 2010 . 0,8 , 2012 . 0,5 .

, 23,8%, 63,5% 12,7% ( 2012 .), 13,1 / 65,3 . . : 14,2 / (10,5 . ), 10,8 / (8,9 . ), 15,9 / (13,7 . ), 12, / (9,4 . ), 12,9 / (13,8 . ), 12, / (9,0 . ).

.

, , , . . - , ;

;

, , ( .., .., 2002, .., 2009).

. . , , , , . . . , , . , , .

, , , , ( .., 1990). 80% . . . , , , , . , , .

( ) , . , ( ), . . ( ), ( .., 1980). , , ;

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, . , (, .. 1970). - , .

, , .

, , - , . , , , , . , .

, - - , , , . ( , ). . . , , .

1. .. . .: , 1965. 320 .

2. .. . .: - , 1963. 314 .

- // . 2002. 11 . 5-12.

4. .. - // . 2009. 1. .12-18.

5. .. .

.: - , 1990. 325 .

6. , .. . .: , 1980. 288 .

7. .. // . 1970. .

137. . 12-16.

573.6: 595.142.

:

, . , ;

VERMICULTURE: INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY OF

VERMIFILTRATION TREATMENT OF WASTEWATER

Vladimir State University, Vladimir, Russia;

tit42@mail.ru Technology of vermifiltration enables the treatment of the wastewater quickly and easily with a minimum expenditure of energy, without the use of expensive equipment and at low cost. Water is clean, detoxify, disinfected and can be re-used for technical purposes, especially in agriculture, landscaping and gardening. This will save huge amounts of fresh water. The technology is suitable for both rural and urban areas and can be used decentralized, which will reduce the load on the wastewater treatment plant.

Key words: vermiculture;

organic wastes recycling;

wastewater.

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.

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, : .

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- ;

- , ( ).

, , , . , , 100%- (, 2013;

Aguilera, 2003;

Bouch, Soto, 2004;

Sinha, 2011).

Hartenstein (1984) , isenia fetida Eudrillus eugeniae , .

( ) . .

(Jose Toha) . , , , , (Sinha, 2011).

, . , () . ( ) , , , , - , .

.

- - , . . . () . . , .. 1 1- . . .

(Li ., 2008) , . 5,02, , 1 , .

( ) Eisenia andrei ( ), , , , . , , , , . 30% 4- , . 20 000 /2 . , 50%. , . , , . , .

Tomar Suthar (2011) Perionyx sansibaricus , (88,6%), (99,8%), (90%), NO3- (92,7%) PO43- (98,3%). 38,8, 20,8, 80,6, 50,8 144,6% , , .

Ghatnekar (2010) , Lumbricus rubellus . , 89,2 90,1%, . - .

. (Bhawalkar, 1996).

, , 5 , 90%, 80-90%, 90-92% 95% (Sinha, Valani, 2011).

LombriTek coinnovation (, ) . , LombriSTEP 1000-4000 (www.lombritek.com). :

Eisenia fetida Eisenia andrei. .

, , . , , - , , . , , ( , , , . .). , .

. :

;

;

;

;

( );

(, ) ;

- .

.. - . . . . 1998.

.. . // . VII . : , , 19-22 2013. .: , . .. , 2013, . 315-316.

Aguilera, M.L., 2003. Purification of wastewater by vermifiltration. Doctoral Thesis. University of Montpellier 2, France, p. 188.

Bhawalkar, U.S. Vermiculture Bioconversion of Organic Residues. Ph.H.

Dissertation, Department of Chemical Engg, IIT Bombay.1996.

Bouch, M.B., Soto, P., 2004. An industrial use of soil animals for environment: the treatment of organically polluted water by lumbrifiltration // In:

Proceedings of the XIVth International Colloquium on Soil Zoology and Ecology, University of Rouen, Mont Saint Aignan, France, August 30September 3, pp. 113.

Hartenstein, R., D. L. Kaplan, E. F. Neuhauser. Earthworms and trickling filters. J.Water Pollution Control Federation, 1984, v.56, 3, pp. 294-298.

Ghatnekar S.D., M.F.Kavian, S.M. Sharma, S.S. Ghatnekar, G.S. Ghatnekar, A.V. Ghatnekar. Application of Vermi-filter-based Effluent Treatment Plant (Pilot scale) for Biomanagement of Liquid Effluents from the Gelatine Industry. Dynamic Soil, Dynamic Plant, 2010, pp. 83-88.

Li, Y.S., P. Robin, D. Cluzeau, M. Bouch, J.P. Qiu, A. Laplanche, M.

Hassouna, P. Morand, C. Dappelo, J. Callarec. Vermiltration as a stage in reuse of swine wastewater: Monitoring methodology on an experimental farm. Ecological Engineering, Vol. 32, Issue 4, 2008, pp. 301309.

Sinha, R.K., Valani D. Vermiculture Revolution: The Technological Revival of Charles Darwins Unherlded Soldiers of Manking. Nova Science Publishers Inc.

2011. 328 p.

Tomar P., S.Suthar. Urban wastewater treatment using vermi-biofiltration system. Desalination, Vol. 282, 2011. pp. 95103.

663.1.

: , , ,

.

. - () . (+380) 67 34 22 188, mail: vermos2007@ukr.net ,

VERMICULTURE: CHIEVEMENTS, MYTHS, PERSPECTIVE.

Association "Bioconversion" Ivano-Frankivsk (Ukraine) l. (+380) 67 34 22 188, mail: vermos2007@ukr.net Prospects for vermicultivation in Ukraine, CIS and other countries.

. , , , . - , , , [1,2,3,4].

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1970- . , , 10 , , , , ., 1989 . [5,6,7] .

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1971 , , 20 , , , .

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1973 , , , , , 1979 1981 . 10 , + . , .

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1988 , , .. (), . ( ), .

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1990-1991 . , 150 . - 17. 3 1,5-2. , 10 2. , - 2. , 500 . .

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1990 . (0,5) ( .. ). 500-600 .

. - 1990 - , 56 , (- ..) , .

, , 200 , , , .

5 (, 1990;

-, 1992;

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, 1996;

-, 1999). , (), - , , , .



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